Wednesday, June 23, 2021

chickenpox

 Chickenpox is a viral infection in which a person develops extremely itchy blisters all over the body it used to be one of the classic childhood diseases. however it has become much less common since the introduction of the chickenpox vaccine.

chickenpox is caused by the varicella zoster virus, a member of the herpes virus family. the same virus also causes herpes zoster (singles) in adults. chickenpox can be spread easily to others.We may get chickenpox from touching the fluids from the blister , or if someone with the disease coughs or sneezes near you. even those with mild illness may be contagious.

A person  with chickenpox becomes contagious 1 to 2 days before their blisters appear. they remain contagious untill blister have crusted over.

Most cases of chickenpox occurs in children younger than 10. the disease is usually mild ,although serious complications sometimes occur adults and older children usually get siker than younger children. 

Children whose mothers have had chickenpox or have received the chickenpox vaccine are n ot  likely to catch it before they are  1 year old .they do catch chickenpox they often have mild cases.this is because antibodies from their mothers blood help protect them. children under 1 year old whose mothers have not had chickenpox or then vaccine can get severe chickenpox.

Severe chickenpox symptoms are more common in children whose immune system does not work well because of an illness or medicine such as chemotherapy and steroids .


Symptoms


  • most child with chickenpox have the following symptoms before the rash apears;
  • fever
  • headache 
  • stomach ache 

The chickenpox rash occurs about 1- to 21 days coming into contact with someone who had the disease .the average child develops 250 to 500 small ,itchy fluid-filled  blisters over red spots on the skin.

The blisters are usually first seen on the face, middle of the body or scalp 

After a day or two the blisters become cloudy and then scab.meanwhile , new blister form in groups. they often appear in the mouth in the vagina and on the eyelids.

Children with skin problems such as eczema may get thousands of blisters.


Most pox will not leave scar unless they become infected with bacteria from scratching.



Treatment At home 


Make the patient comfortable as  possible. here are more thing to try 


Avoid scratching or rubbing the itching areas.keep fingernails short to avoid damaging the skin from scratching.

Wear cool light loose bedclothes. avoid wearing rough clothing particularly wool,over itchy area.


Take luke warm bath using little shop .


Apply soothing moisturizer after bathing to soften and cool the skin. avoid  prolonged exposure to excessive heat and humidity.





Tuesday, June 15, 2021

formication

 It is  the  medical term of the sensation exactly resemble  like crawling of insects under the skin. it is one specific form of a set of sensation known as parasthesias, which also include the more common prickling tingling sensation known as pins and needles, formication is a well documented symptoms which has numerous possible causes. 

formication is derived from latin word ant .

formication may sometimes be experienced as felling of  itchiness ,tingling,pins,and needles burning or even pain. when formication is percieved as itchiness, it may trigger the scratch reflex and because of this some people who are suffring from the sensation are at risk of causing skin damage through excessive scratching. 

in some instance static electricity can attract particulates to the skin and can cause body hair to move giving  a sensation like insects crawling over the skin. how ever in many cases no external trigger creates the sensation.

in rare cases ,individuals become convinced that the sensation they are suffering is due to the presence of real insects on or under the skin. in these causes patients have what is known as delusional parasitosis. they believe that their skinis inhibited by or under attack by small insects or similar parasites ,despite repeated ressurances from doctor .






























































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Saturday, May 22, 2021

Atopic Dermatitis

 Atopic dermatitis  is a long term (chronic is referred ) skin disorder  that  involves scaly and itching rashes.

causes 

Atopic dermatitis is due to a skin reaction (similar to an allergen) in the skin the reaction leads to ongoing swelling and redness. people with atopic dermatitis may be more sensitive because their skin lacks certain proteins. 

Atopic dermatitis is most common in infants. it may starts as early as age 2  to 6 months. many people  outgrow it by early childhood.

people with atopic dermatitis often have asthma or seasonal allergies. There is often a family history of allergies such as asthma ,hay fevr , or eczema. people with atopic dermatitis often  test positive to allergy skin tests. however, atopic dermatitis is not caused by allergies.

The  following can make atopic dermatitis symptoms worse:

  • allergies to pollen, mold , dust mites, or animals.
  • cold and dry air in the winter 
  • colds or the flu
  • contact  with irritants and chemicals 
  • contact with with rough with rough materials such as wool 
  • dry skin 
  • emotional stress
  • drying out of the skin from taking to many baths or showers and swimming too often 
  • getting too hot or too cold as well as sudden changes of  temperature 
  • perfumes or dyes added to kin lotions or soaps .

symptoms 

  • blisters with oozing and crusting 
  • dry skin all over body or areas of bumpy skin on back of the arms and front of the thighs 
  • ear discharge or bleeding 
  • raw areas of the skin from scratching 
  • skin coloring change,such as more or less color than the normal skin tone 
  • skin redness or inflammation around the blister 
  • thickened  or leather like area ( lichenification ), which can occur after  long term irritation and scratching.
  • the type and  location of the rash can depend on the age of  the patient.
  • in older children and adults, the rash is  more  often seen  ont he inside the knees and elbow. it can also appear 
  • on the neck hand and feet .
  • rashes may occur anywhere on the body during a bad outbreak.
  • intense itching is common. itching may start even before the rash appears. atopic dermatitis 








Monday, December 28, 2020

scabies

 scabies  is an easily spread caused by a very small type of mites.

scabies is  found among people of all age group and ages around the world.

scabies  spread by skin to skin sharing clothes or bedding.

sometimes whole families are affected.

outbreaks of scabies are more common in nursing homes ,nursing facilities ,college hostels ,and child care centres,

The mites that cause scabies burrow into the skin and they lays eggs .this forms a burrow that looks like pencil marks.egg hatches in 21 days .the itchey rashe is an allegric response  to the  mites .

pets and animals cannot spread human scabies ,it is also  not likely for  scabies to be spread by ,

    A swimming pool 

contact with the towels ,bedding and clothing of someone who has scabies unless the person has what is called scabies. 


symptoms 

itching ,most commonly at night.

rashes, mostly between the fingers.

sores (abrashion) on the skin from scratching and digging 

thin pencil mark line on the skin 

mites may be more widespread on a baby skin caused pimples over  the trunk or small blisters over  the palm and soles 

in young children, infection may be  on the head neck shoulder ,palms , and soles of  feet 

in older children and adults the infection may be on the hand wrists genitals and  abdomen. 










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Dandruff

 Dandruff is a common chronic scalp condition marked by flaking of the skin on your scalp.dandruff of skin is not contagious and but is seriousa as it is  embarrassing and  sometimes difficult to treat.

The best part is that dandruff can be  can be controlled. mild cases of dandruff may need just shampooing and simple and  gentle cleansers.

causes 

dandruff can have several causes including :

Dry skin  is the most common  cause  of  dandruff. flakes from dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than those from other causes of dandruff and will likely have symptoms and  signs of dry skin on other parts of the body such as your legs and arm

irritated oily skin ( seboric dermatitis )   main causes of dandruff is marked  by red greassy skin covered with flaky white yellow scales. seborrheic dermatitis may affect your scalp and other areas not h rich in oil glad such as your eyesbrows the sides of your nose and the bcks of your ears ayour breastbone your groin area and sometimes your armpits.

 Shampooing oftrn enough .if you dont regularly wash your hair oils and skin from your scalp can build causing dandruff. 

symptoms

white oily dead skin crusts on the shoulder 

itching

RISK FACTORS 

age   adult 

being male 

oily hair and scalp 

poor diet 

certain illness 





































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Monday, December 21, 2020

#jointspain जॉइंट्स पेन यानीजोड़ो का दर्द आईये जाने क्यूँ होता है ये दर्द

यु ही कल पार्क में घुमने  निकला तो काफी बुजुर्ग दिखे कुछ  से मेरी पहचान भी थी मैंने पूछा की कैसे हैं अंकल ?तो जबाब आया बेटा कोरोना का तो पता नही पर जोड़ो के  दर्द से मरे जा रहे हैं आखिर क्यूँ होता है इतना दर्द कुछ दावा या उपाय बताओ आखिर क्यूँ ये दर्द साथ नही छोड़ रहा न चला जा रहा न बैठा जा रहा |
मैंने उनसे कुछ बातें साझा की जो आपके लिए भी बहुत फायदेमंद हो सकता है , तो आईये जाने हड्डियों  ,जॉइंट्स  और जॉइंट्स पेन के बारे  में |
उम्र के साथ हड्डियाँ कमजोर पड़ जाती है ये तो सबको मालुम है पर ऐसा होता क्यूँ है ये सवाल ज्यादा जरूरी है 
तो उम्र के साथ हमारे शरीर में बदलाव आता है ,हमारा शरीर उत्तकों से बना है जो स मय के साथ उसमे फर्क आने लगता है 
अब आखिर फर्क क्यूँ आता है ये  बड़ा सवाल है तो महिलाओ में जब मासिक(PERIODS) बंद हो जाता है जिसके कारण हॉर्मोन में  बड़ा बदलाव आता है यही बदलाव के हड्डियों में न पोसक तत्वा ठहरते और न ही आतों द्वारा उसका अवशोषण (ABSORPTION )ठीक से होता है | यही पुरुषों में भी जब TESTOSTERON का श्राव कम हो जाता है तो हड्डियाँ कमजोर होने लगती है |

आईये जानते हैं की दो ऐसे दर्द के कारण जो बढती उम्र के साथ आपको परेशान कर सकते हैं  
तो पहला है ओस्टियोआर्थराइटिस और दूसरा है ओस्टियोपोरोसिस 
ओस्टियोआर्थराइटिस जिसमे  
 जोड़ो में दर्द और जकड पैदा करने वाली बीमारी
ओस्तिओपोरोसिस हड्डियों का कमजोर हो जाना 
उम्र बढ़ने के साथ हमरे सरीर की पाचन क्षमता कम हो जाती है जिसके कारन हड्डियों की हेल्थ के लिए जरूरी कैल्शियम और और विटामिन डी उसके मेटाबोलिज्म में फर्क पड़ता है और इनकी मात्रा शरीर में कम हो जाती है |और इसका असर हड्डियों पर पड़ता है |
हड्डियों में कैल्शियम का स्टॉक कम पद जाता है ये हड्ड्याँ कमजोर हो जाती है ,जिसके वजह से  जरा सी चोट लगने पर फ्रैक्चर हो सकते हैं कारन कैल्शियम की कमी |थाइरोइड और डायबिटीज भी कैल्शियम का कमी कर सकता है | 


हड्डियों और जोड़ो को तन्दुरुस्त रखने की प्रक्रिया बचपन से ही शुरू हो जाती है 
   जिंदगी के शुरुआती के ३० -४० साल बहुत जरूरी है ताकि शरीर की लचक बनी रहे हड्डियों की ताकत बनी रहे 
इस समय जितना ब्य्याम दौडभाग कर सकते हैं करें  ,४० के बाद हड्डियों की ताकत बढ़ाना मुस्किल काम है |
४५ साल के अस्स्पस आप हड्डियों का सिर्फ मैन्टेनेंस कर  सकते हैं 
रोज २-३ किलोमीटर रोज चलें मोर्निंग वाक या इवनिंग वाक करें , इससे हड्ड्याँ में लचक बनी रहती है |योग और प्राणायाम का सहारा ले सकते हैं | लिफ्ट के जगह सीढियों का प्रयोग करें हड्ड्याँ और मंश्पेसी दोनों में मजबूती मिलेगी |





















































Thursday, November 5, 2020

what is nebulizer?

what is  nebulizer? what is its  use ?


A nebulizer is a piece of medical equipment that a person with asthma or another respiratory condition can use to administer medication directly and quickly to the lungs to get instant relief from breathing distress.

A nebulizer turns liquid medicine into a very fine mist that a person can inhale through a face mask or mouthpiece. Taking medicine this way allows it to go straight into the lungs and the respiratory system where it is needed directly .

Difference between nebulizer and inhalers

Nebulizers and inhalers have some similarities — for example, they both deliver medicine directly into the lungs to help make breathing easier. However, there are some important differences.

There are two types of inhalers: a metered-dose inhaler (MDI) and a dry-powder inhaler.

An MDI is the most common type of inhaler. Using one involves inhaling a pre-measured amount of medicine through a mouthpiece. Some inhalers have a spacer, which makes it easier to inhale the medication.

A dry-powder inhaler is similar, but the medication is in powder form inside the inhaler. It requires the user to take a deep, fast breath, which pulls the powdered medicine deep into the lungs.

Both types require the ability to inhale the medicine deep within the lungs. Some children and people with severe respiratory distress  may find this problematic.

Nebulizers tend to be a little easier to use, in terms of delivering the medicine. However, a nebulizer may take up to 10 MINUTES  to dispense the medication, and the user needs to sit still until they have inhaled all of it, which may be hard for a young child.

Also, nebulizers are not as portable; they can be difficult to carry around, while inhalers are typically smaller and more suitable for traveling.




If a person receives their nebulizer from a pharmacy or medical equipment company, someone there will explain how to use it.

Each nebulizing machine operates a little differently. It is crucial to read the instructions for the particular device that the doctor has prescribed.

 generally, A nebulizer is very easy to use, with only a few basic steps to follow:

  1. Wash your hands first or sanitize.
  2. Add the medicine to the medicine cup, according to the doctor’s prescription.
  3. Assemble the top piece, tubing, mask, and mouthpiece.
  4. Attach the tubing to the machine, according to the instructions.
  5. Turn ON  the nebulizer ; they can be battery- or electrically powered as you purchased .
  6. While using the nebulizer, hold the mouthpiece and medicine cup upright to help deliver all the medication.
  7. Take slow, deep breaths through the mouthpiece and inhale all the medicine.
plz read instruction  before  using  your  nebulizer.



HERE ID 5 BEST TYPE OF NEBULIZER AND EASY TO USE 
OMERON