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Information about covid -19 ayush mantralaya अयुष मंत्रालय state health society Bihar information

Information about covid -19 ayush mantralaya अयुष मंत्रालय state health society Bihar information   
Cornavirus update health update 

What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus
and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. That is why
it was called the Novel (new) Coronavirus. NCoV. It was found in 2019
2. What are the symptoms
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, cough and difficulty in breathing. Some patients
may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are
usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and
don't feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment.
Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty in
breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart
problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty in
breathing should seek medical attention immediately.
3. How does COVID-19 spread?
People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to
person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19
coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then
catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People
can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or
exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter away from a person who is sick.
Can the virus that causes COVID-19 be transmitted through the air?
Studies to date suggest that the virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through contact with
respiratory droplets rather than through the air. See previous answer on “How does COVID-19 spread?”
Can COVID-19 be caught from a person who has no
The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory
droplets expelled by someone who is coughing. The risk
of catching COVID-19 from someone with no symptoms
at all is very low. However, many people with COVID-19
experience only mild symptoms. This is particularly true
at the early stages of the disease. It is therefore possible
to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for example,
just a mild cough and does not feel ill.
Can I catch COVID-19 from the feces of someone with
the disease?
The risk of catching COVID-19 from the feces of an
infected person appears to be low. Because this is a risk,
however, it is another reason to clean hands regularly,
after using the bathroom and before eating.

 How long does the virus survive on surfaces?
 It is not certain how long the virus that causes COVID-19 survives on surfaces, but it seems to behave
like other coronaviruses. Studies suggest that coronaviruses (including preliminary information on the
COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. This may vary under
different conditions (e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment).
 If you think a surface may be infected, clean it with simple disinfectant to kill the virus and protect
yourself and others. Clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and
water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.
5.Can the virus travel on goods that have come in from infected ?
 No. The likelihood of an infected person contaminating commercial goods is low and the risk of
catching the virus that causes COVID-19 from a package that has been moved, travelled, and exposed
to different conditions and temperature is also low.

 Protection measures for everyone: You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading
COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:
• Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap
and water.
 Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be
on your hands.
• Maintain at least 1 metre distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
 Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which
may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if
the person coughing has the disease.
• Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
 Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the
virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.
• Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your
mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used
tissue immediately.
 Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you
from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
• Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty in breathing, seek medical atten-
tion and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
 Why? Health authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in the area. Calling in
advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also
protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
• Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where

• Self-isolate by staying at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache,
low grade fever (37.3 C or above) and slight runny nose, until you recover. If it is essential for you to
have someone bring you supplies or to go out, e.g. to buy food, then wear a mask to avoid infecting
other people.
 Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate
more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
• If you develop fever, cough and difficulty in breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due
to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent
travel or contact with travelers.
 Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health
facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.

. Do I need medicines?
Avoid self-medication. While the symptoms can be treated as of now there are no medicines which can
treat COVID-19. The best way to avoid getting Coronavirus is to wash your hands and not touch your
8. What should I not do?
The following measures ARE NOT effective against COVID-2019 and can be harmful:
• Smoking
• Wearing multiple masks
• Taking antibiotics
In any case, if you have fever, cough and difficulty in breathing seek medical care early to reduce the risk
of developing a more severe infection and be sure to share your recent travel history with your health
care provider.
9. Do I need to use a Mask to protect myself from COVID-19?
Only wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms (especially coughing) or looking after someone
who may have COVID-19. Disposable face mask can only be used once. If you are not ill or looking after
someone who is ill then you are wasting a mask. There is a world-wide shortage of masks, so WHO
urges people to use masks wisely.
The most effective ways
to protect yourself and
others against COVID-19
are to frequently clean
your hands, cover your
cough with the bend of
elbow or tissue and
maintain a distance of at
least 1 meter from people
who are coughing or

Source: ayush mantralay


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