Saturday, May 22, 2021

Atopic Dermatitis

 Atopic dermatitis  is a long term (chronic is referred ) skin disorder  that  involves scaly and itching rashes.


Atopic dermatitis is due to a skin reaction (similar to an allergen) in the skin the reaction leads to ongoing swelling and redness. people with atopic dermatitis may be more sensitive because their skin lacks certain proteins. 

Atopic dermatitis is most common in infants. it may starts as early as age 2  to 6 months. many people  outgrow it by early childhood.

people with atopic dermatitis often have asthma or seasonal allergies. There is often a family history of allergies such as asthma ,hay fevr , or eczema. people with atopic dermatitis often  test positive to allergy skin tests. however, atopic dermatitis is not caused by allergies.

The  following can make atopic dermatitis symptoms worse:

  • allergies to pollen, mold , dust mites, or animals.
  • cold and dry air in the winter 
  • colds or the flu
  • contact  with irritants and chemicals 
  • contact with with rough with rough materials such as wool 
  • dry skin 
  • emotional stress
  • drying out of the skin from taking to many baths or showers and swimming too often 
  • getting too hot or too cold as well as sudden changes of  temperature 
  • perfumes or dyes added to kin lotions or soaps .


  • blisters with oozing and crusting 
  • dry skin all over body or areas of bumpy skin on back of the arms and front of the thighs 
  • ear discharge or bleeding 
  • raw areas of the skin from scratching 
  • skin coloring change,such as more or less color than the normal skin tone 
  • skin redness or inflammation around the blister 
  • thickened  or leather like area ( lichenification ), which can occur after  long term irritation and scratching.
  • the type and  location of the rash can depend on the age of  the patient.
  • in older children and adults, the rash is  more  often seen  ont he inside the knees and elbow. it can also appear 
  • on the neck hand and feet .
  • rashes may occur anywhere on the body during a bad outbreak.
  • intense itching is common. itching may start even before the rash appears. atopic dermatitis 

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